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peat substrates

Peat Substrates

Our goal is healthy plant

Our goal is healthy
plant growth


Our core business areas

The extraction of raw peat, the manufacture of peat moss substrates for professional growers, and the development, production and sale of growing media.

Peat Substrates

The high-quality raw material for best substrate production.

for high air capacity.

(frozen through) for good water retention.

for structural stability.

the basis of soil fertility.

Our main advantages


We have our own peat bogs and production facilities


Full-cycle production line


Wordwide supply


All substrates certificated by Latvian Agricultural Ministry

In the consumer segment, our potting soils make for beautiful blooms and gorgeous gardens.

Potting soil

Delivery of own goods to the final consumer - lumber and products from it, fuel chips and pellets, peat and substrates.


Feel free to ask!

Get in touch and let us
know how we can help.

For general queries, including partnership opportunities, please use the form below to ask us questions or contact us.







+371 29217332

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© 2019 Euro-China Group SIA

Reg. Nr. LV40203094265


White peat

white peat
Sphagnum white

White Peat – Used as a basis of many substrates.

Baltic Peat Moss is a relatively young white peat, partially decomposed sphagnum moss (Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as “peat moss“) that can retain between 10 to 12 times its own weight in water.

Structure of peat at the magnification of the electron microscope:

Total porosity, about 95%¾
Big specific surface area, about 200 m2/g¾
High liquid binding ability, 600-800 l/m3¾
Low volume weight, about 160-180 kg/m3

Milled sphagnum is an ideal germination medium

Milled sphagnum is a fine grade of sphagnum moss. In texture it resembles a coarse grade of chunky
peat moss. Milled sphagnum holds moisture well and is an excellent choice for seeding mixes.


black peat

Humic acids
Black peat

Black peat is appreciated by growers because of its high water capacity, but not only.

Physical properties of black peat.

Black Peat has a high buffer capacity for nutrients and can store water for a long period of time. Only naturally frozen black peat finds use in substrate production. Peat that was not frozen would get hard after drying and would not be able to absorb water well.

Black Peat may contain significant amount of natural soil conditioners like humic matter which is often called Peat Humus.

Black peat is organic component of growing media in all cases. 

Extracted from the special layers of the peat field and originating from some Latvia peat bogs. It has a dark colour and a heavy weight due to its dense, compact structure. As the Black Peat is frozen normally in winter time, it is still sufficiently able to absorb and drain water.


sod (block) peat

Block peat
Block peat on field

Block peat

Is a very important component of the finished substrates. They require a lot of manual work to make the final product more expensive. However, the result obtained outweighs the investment. The soil is light, loose, does not flatten, well absorbs water and drained it out, provides excellent air access to the roots.

Important demands for growing media.

Great efforts are being made to find the optimum raw materials that can meet the rather controversial requirements of the plant roots. They need air, water and keep nutrients at the same time. And at the same time roots cannot tolerate water retention (need fast drainage), and drying, uneven fertilizer distribution or soil compaction.

When resistant against compaction, mixes preferably should be forgiving, in which “excess water will drain quickly, stays wet, but not damp, in outdoor containers after heavy rain or due to “a mistake in irrigation by an employee.“


humus peat

Humic acids
Black peat

Peat humus

is a common potting soil ingredient used for soil enrichment. Unlike Sphagnum peat, which comes from Sphagnum moss and is partially decomposed, peat humus is derived from Hypnum moss and is fully decomposed. Peat humus is also referred to as black peat – it is also dark brown to black in color.

As for peat humus specifically, it is an incredibly rich source of organic material; simply put, it’s the decomposed plant and animal matter found in soil, and it contains the organic compounds that form the chemical basis for all life: molecules made of carbon. Peat humus is organic material that is highly decomposed. Strain through water and you create an enriching compound called humic acids.

“Humic substances affect soil fertility by making nutrients more readily available to plants. Humic acids also promote plant growth by enabling root penetration in soils. Humic acid also acts in decreasing water evaporation from soils.” USDA Report


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